skip to content
Mr Carlos A. Arrébola's picture


Education CV


  • 2012- PhD in Law (University of Cambridge)
  • 2011-2012 LL. M. in European Union law (UC3M)
  • 2006-2012 Degree in Law (UC3M)
  • 2006-2012 Degree in Economics (UC3M)

Work experience

  • Internship at the Spanish Supreme Court 
  • Internship at Garrigues (EU Competition law department)


  • Member of the Spanish Bar
  • Association for the United Nations and International law
  • Spanish Review of International Relations (
  • Moot participant: Philip C. Jessup and European Tax College Moot Court

Twitter @carrebola

For a more detailed CV, please contact.


Fields of research

EU law

EU Competition law


The public/private divide in the economic constitution of the European Union


This thesis attempts to explain the public/private divide by looking at the European economic constitution. It analyses why the rules that govern the actions of Member states in the economy (e.g. State aid, State action doctrine, free movement, public procurement, Article 106 TFEU, or Article 37 TFEU) are distinct from those that limit the action of undertakings (Articles 101 and 102 TFEU). It enquires whether that distinctive treatment, which can be seen as a ramification of the public/private divide, can be explained with reference to the different goals pursued by the law addressed to undertakings and the law addressed to Member states. If competition law (Articles 101 and 102 TFEU) is primarily efficiency-driven, the public/private divide could be explained by the fact that the rules addressed to the Member states within the economic constitution pursue a different primary objective that is not efficiency. For this reason, this thesis tries to unveil the goals of this public side of the economic constitution to see to the extent to which the public/private divide is justified. Potential goals of this public side of the economic constitution are inter alia, efficiency, market integration, freedom, solidarity, or legitimacy. A Multi-level governance framework is used to carry out this examination.


Dr Okeoghene Odudu


Representative Publications

Arrebola, C., Mauricio, A.J. and Portilla, H.J., 2016. An Economic Analysis of the Influence of the Advocate General on the Court of Justice of the European Union. Cambridge Journal of International & Comparative Law5, p.82.

Start Date

Oct 2012

End date

Feb 2018