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Armstrong, Kenneth: Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship, ‘The Brexit Effect: Convergence, Divergence and Variation in UK Regulatory Policy’.           

Barnard, Catherine: ESRC Brexit Priority Grant, ‘Brexit and UK and EU Immigration policy’.            

Bartels, Lorand: SSHRC & ESRC, ‘The Legal Structure of the Trading Relationships of UK and Canada’. This project looks at the international and domestic legal implications of Brexit for trade between the UK and Canada, and in particular how changes might be effected in both countries to account for the UK leaving CETA and other EU-Canada agreements.

Deakin, Simon: EPSRC Research Grant,  ‘Countering Crime in the Cloud’, (led by the Computer Laboratory), a data-driven analysis of cybercrime.

Erdos, David: ESRC Research Grant, ‘Human Rights in the Era of Big Data’, (led by the University of Essex), investigation into the diverse and complex rights implications (positive and negative) of the use of ICT and big data.

Fikfak, Veronika: ESRC Future Leaders & Isaac Newton Trust, ‘Compensating for Human Rights Violations: What Price for Human Rights?, research into the international and national compensation of human rights violations.

Liddell, Kathy: Novo Nordisk Synergy Grant, ‘Collaborative Research Programme in Biomedical Innovation Law’, harnessing legal expertise in intellectual property law to assist scientists and clinicians with the challenge of repurposing known drugs with new medical uses.            

Markou, Christopher: Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship & Isaac Newton Trust, ‘AI, Technological Change, and Legal Evolution’.         

Miles, Jo: Nuffield Research Grant, the ‘Pensions on Divorce’ project supports an interdisciplinary working group whose purpose is to provide an in-depth analysis of how pensions on divorce should be approached

Nouwen, Sarah: Leverhulme Philip Leverhulme Prize, ‘Law and Negotiations’: towards a better understanding of the impact of international criminal law on peace negotiations.

Nouwen, Sarah: ESRC Future Leaders & Isaac Newton Trust, ‘Peacemaking -What's Law Got To Do With It?’. This project examines the role of international law in various peace processes with a view to being in a better position to evaluate recent normative proposals.

Nouwen, Sarah: ProFutura Fellowship, ‘International Norms in Peace Negotiations’. An empirical study into the norms, both legal and non-legal, that mediators encounter in their work, combined with a legal analysis of the question to what extent these norms amount to law, thus helping mediators to differentiate between the two.     

Padfield, Nicola: FWP Research Grant, ‘Mutual Recognition and Criminal Law’.

Rogers, Jonathan: AHRC Research Network, ‘Criminal Law Reform Now Network‘, a research network which co-ordinates academics, practitioners and policy makers in considering practical reforms in the area of criminal justice. The first two projects concern the Computer Misuse Act 1990 and the regulation of private prosecutions. For further details, visit www.clrnn.co.uk

Skopek, Jeffrey:  Wellcome Trust Seed Award, ‘Liability for Harms Caused by the Use of AI in Healthcare’.   This project will clarify how the law of negligence and product liability might apply to harms caused by the use of black-box algorithms in healthcare and explore whether either of these areas of law should be reformed or supplemented with a sui generis legislative regime for AI.          

Waibel, Michael: Turing Institute Fellowship, ‘Text-as-Data Boilerplate’. Drawing on related research in the digital humanities and natural sciences, develop a text-as-data methodology to study a large corpus of treaties.

Featured Research Projects

Collaborative Research Project in Biomedical Innovation Law – Repurposing Known Drugs

Dr Kathy Liddell is a core partner in the Collaborative Research Project in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL), headed by Professor Timo Minssen at the University of Copenhagen. Other partner institutions to the research programme include the Petrie-Flom Centre for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics at Harvard Law School, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Michigan Law School. The project is funded by the Novo Nordisk Foundation.

Dr Liddell, with Senior Research Associate Dr John Liddicoat, will be responsible for a study focusing on repurposing pharmaceuticals with new medical uses. The project aims to harness legal expertise in the field of intellectual property to help scientists and clinicians with the challenge of repurposing known drugs. It will comprise two strands across three years:

1. Identifying the nature, source and extent of the incentive gap (if any) for developing new medical purposes for known products.

2. Studying the role of law in making re-purposing research more economically attractive, efficient and effective.

Liability for Harms Caused by the Use of AI in Healthcare

The accelerating integration of AI systems into the fabric of everyday life raises pressing questions about how legal liability will be assigned when these systems cause harm and whether the laws governing this liability should be reformed.  Jeff Skopek received a Wellcome Trust Seed Award to explore these questions as they arise in the context of healthcare. 

His project focuses in particular on the liability landscape for harms caused by the use of machine learning algorithms in medical diagnosis and treatment.  These algorithms promise to transform healthcare in two related ways: first, by recommending diagnoses and treatments that are highly personalized to individual patients; and second, by making these recommendations on the basis of a logic that is a black-box to the physicians using them. 

When these black-box algorithms out-perform doctors yet have significant error rates that cannot be eliminated, they give rise to the legal and normative questions at the core of this project.   Skopek seeks to clarify how the law of negligence and product liability might apply to harms caused by the use of such algorithms and whether either of these areas of law should be reformed or supplemented with a sui generis legislative regime for AI.